一个可综合的Verilog 写的FIFO存储器(转载)

pconliner Post at 2007/6/23 13:44:00

一个可综合的Verilog 写的FIFO存储器(转载)

Synthesizable FIFO Model

This example describes a synthesizable implementation of a FIFO. The FIFO depth and FIFO width in bits can be modified by simply changing the value of two parameters, `FWIDTH and `FDEPTH. For this example, the FIFO depth is 4 and the FIFO width is 32 bits. The input/output ports of the FIFO are shown in Figure F-1.

Figure F-1. FIFO Input/Output Ports

Input ports  All ports with a suffix "N" are low-asserted.

Clk— Clock signal

RstN— Reset signal

Data_In— 32-bit data into the FIFO

FInN— Write into FIFO signal

FClrN— Clear signal to FIFO

FOutN— Read from FIFO signal

Output ports

F_Data— 32-bit output data from FIFO

F_FullN— Signal indicating that FIFO is full

F_EmptyN— Signal indicating that FIFO is empty

F_LastN— Signal indicating that FIFO has space for one data value

F_SLastN— Signal indicating that FIFO has space for two data values

F_FirstN— Signal indicating that there is only one data value in FIFO

 

The Verilog HDL code for the FIFO implementation is shown in Example F-1.

Example F-1 Synthesizable FIFO Model
////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
// FileName:  "Fifo.v"
// Author  :  Venkata Ramana Kalapatapu
// Company :  Sand Microelectronics Inc.
//           (now a part of Synopsys, Inc.),
// Profile :  Sand develops Simulation Models, Synthesizable Cores and
//           Performance Analysis Tools for Processors, buses and
//           memory products.  Sand's products include models for
//           industry-standard components and custom-developed models
//           for specific simulation environments.
//
////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
`define  FWIDTH     32           // Width of the FIFO.
`define  FDEPTH     4            // Depth of the FIFO.
`define  FCWIDTH    2            // Counter Width of the FIFO 2 to power
                                 // FCWIDTH = FDEPTH.
module FIFO(  Clk,
              RstN,
              Data_In,
              FClrN,
              FInN,
              FOutN,
              F_Data,
              F_FullN,
              F_LastN,
              F_SLastN,
              F_FirstN,
              F_EmptyN
           );
input                       Clk;      // CLK signal.
input                       RstN;     // Low Asserted Reset signal.
input [(`FWIDTH-1):0]       Data_In;  // Data into FIFO.
input                       FInN;     // Write into FIFO Signal.
input                       FClrN;    // Clear signal to FIFO.
input                       FOutN;    // Read from FIFO signal.
output [(`FWIDTH-1):0]      F_Data;   // FIFO data out.
output                      F_FullN;  // FIFO full indicating signal.
output                      F_EmptyN; // FIFO empty indicating signal.
output                      F_LastN;  // FIFO Last but one signal.
output                      F_SLastN; // FIFO SLast but one signal.
output                      F_FirstN; // Signal indicating only one
                                      // word in FIFO.
reg                F_FullN;
reg                F_EmptyN;
reg                F_LastN;
reg                F_SLastN;
reg                F_FirstN;
reg    [`FCWIDTH:0]      fcounter; //counter indicates num of data in FIFO
reg    [(`FCWIDTH-1):0]   rd_ptr;      // Current read pointer.
reg    [(`FCWIDTH-1):0]   wr_ptr;      // Current write pointer.
wire   [(`FWIDTH-1):0]    FIFODataOut; // Data out from FIFO MemBlk
wire   [(`FWIDTH-1):0]    FIFODataIn;  // Data into FIFO MemBlk
wire   ReadN  = FOutN;
wire   WriteN = FInN;
assign F_Data     = FIFODataOut;
assign FIFODataIn = Data_In;
    FIFO_MEM_BLK memblk(.clk(Clk),
                        .writeN(WriteN),
                        .rd_addr(rd_ptr),
                        .wr_addr(wr_ptr),
                        .data_in(FIFODataIn),
                        .data_out(FIFODataOut)
                       );
    // Control circuitry for FIFO. If reset or clr signal is asserted,
    // all the counters are set to 0. If write only the write counter
    // is incremented else if read only read counter is incremented
    // else if both, read and write counters are incremented.
    // fcounter indicates the num of items in the FIFO. Write only
    // increments the fcounter, read only decrements the counter, and
    // read && write doesn't change the counter value.
    always @(posedge Clk or negedge RstN)
    begin
       if(!RstN) begin
           fcounter    <= 0;
           rd_ptr      <= 0;
           wr_ptr      <= 0;
       end
       else begin
           if(!FClrN ) begin
               fcounter    <= 0;
               rd_ptr      <= 0;
               wr_ptr      <= 0;
           end
           else begin
               if(!WriteN && F_FullN)
                   wr_ptr <= wr_ptr + 1;
               if(!ReadN && F_EmptyN)
                   rd_ptr <= rd_ptr + 1;
               if(!WriteN && ReadN && F_FullN)
                   fcounter <= fcounter + 1;
               else if(WriteN && !ReadN && F_EmptyN)
                   fcounter <= fcounter - 1;
          end
       end
    end
    // All the FIFO status signals depends on the value of fcounter.
    // If the fcounter is equal to fdepth, indicates FIFO is full.
    // If the fcounter is equal to zero, indicates the FIFO is empty.
    // F_EmptyN signal indicates FIFO Empty Status. By default it is
    // asserted, indicating the FIFO is empty. After the First Data is
    // put into the FIFO the signal is deasserted.
    always @(posedge Clk or negedge RstN)
    begin
       if(!RstN)
          F_EmptyN <= 1'b0;
       else begin
          if(FClrN==1'b1) begin
             if(F_EmptyN==1'b0 && WriteN==1'b0)
                 F_EmptyN <= 1'b1;
             else if(F_FirstN==1'b0 && ReadN==1'b0 && WriteN==1'b1)
                 F_EmptyN <= 1'b0;
          end
          else
             F_EmptyN <= 1'b0;
       end
    end
    // F_FirstN signal indicates that there is only one datum sitting
    // in the FIFO. When the FIFO is empty and a write to FIFO occurs,
    // this signal gets asserted.
    always @(posedge Clk or negedge RstN)
    begin
       if(!RstN)
          F_FirstN <= 1'b1;
       else begin
          if(FClrN==1'b1) begin
             if((F_EmptyN==1'b0 && WriteN==1'b0) ||
                (fcounter==2 && ReadN==1'b0 && WriteN==1'b1))
                 F_FirstN <= 1'b0;
             else if (F_FirstN==1'b0 && (WriteN ^ ReadN))
                 F_FirstN <= 1'b1;
          end
          else begin
             F_FirstN <= 1'b1;
          end
       end
    end
    // F_SLastN indicates that there is space for only two data words
    //in the FIFO.
    always @(posedge Clk or negedge RstN)
    begin
       if(!RstN)
          F_SLastN <= 1'b1;
       else begin
          if(FClrN==1'b1) begin
             if( (F_LastN==1'b0 && ReadN==1'b0 && WriteN==1'b1) ||
                 (fcounter == (`FDEPTH-3) && WriteN==1'b0 && ReadN==1'b1))
                 F_SLastN <= 1'b0;
             else if(F_SLastN==1'b0 && (ReadN ^ WriteN) )
                 F_SLastN <= 1'b1;
          end
          else
             F_SLastN <= 1'b1;
       end
    end
    // F_LastN indicates that there is one space for only one data
    // word in the FIFO.
    always @(posedge Clk or negedge RstN)
    begin
       if(!RstN)
          F_LastN <= 1'b1;
       else begin
          if(FClrN==1'b1) begin
             if ((F_FullN==1'b0 && ReadN==1'b0)  ||
                 (fcounter == (`FDEPTH-2) && WriteN==1'b0 && ReadN==1'b1))
                 F_LastN <= 1'b0;
             else if(F_LastN==1'b0 && (ReadN ^ WriteN) )
                 F_LastN <= 1'b1;
          end
          else
             F_LastN <= 1'b1;
       end
    end
    // F_FullN indicates that the FIFO is full.
    always @(posedge Clk or negedge RstN)
    begin
       if(!RstN)
           F_FullN <= 1'b1;
       else begin
           if(FClrN==1'b1)  begin
               if (F_LastN==1'b0 && WriteN==1'b0 && ReadN==1'b1)
                    F_FullN <= 1'b0;
               else if(F_FullN==1'b0 && ReadN==1'b0)
                    F_FullN <= 1'b1;
           end
           else
               F_FullN <= 1'b1;
       end
    end
endmodule
///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
//
//
//   Configurable memory block for fifo. The width of the mem
//   block is configured via FWIDTH. All the data into fifo is done
//   synchronous to block.
//
//   Author : Venkata Ramana Kalapatapu
//
///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
module FIFO_MEM_BLK( clk,
                     writeN,
                     wr_addr,
                     rd_addr,
                     data_in,
                     data_out
                   );
input                    clk;       // input clk.
input  writeN;  // Write Signal to put data into fifo.
input  [(`FCWIDTH-1):0]  wr_addr;   // Write Address.
input  [(`FCWIDTH-1):0]  rd_addr;   // Read Address.
input  [(`FWIDTH-1):0]   data_in;   // DataIn in to Memory Block
output [(`FWIDTH-1):0]   data_out;  // Data Out from the Memory
                                    // Block(FIFO)
wire   [(`FWIDTH-1):0] data_out;
reg    [(`FWIDTH-1):0] FIFO[0:(`FDEPTH-1)];
assign data_out  = FIFO[rd_addr];
always @(posedge clk)
begin
   if(writeN==1'b0)
      FIFO[wr_addr] <= data_in;
end
endmodule
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